UMEM Educational Pearls

Category: Cardiology

Title: Acute MI-Papillary Muscle Rupture

Keywords: Acute MI, papillary muscle rupture (PubMed Search)

Posted: 9/29/2009 by Rob Rogers, MD (Updated: 2/24/2020)
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Severe mitral regurgitation (MR) after MI, accompanied by cardiogenic shock carries a poor prognosis.

Severe MR in many cases is due to infarction of the posterior papillary muscle, and in these cases the area of infarction tends to be less extensive than in those with MR due to severe left ventricular dysfunction. 

Take Home Pearl:

The presence of pulmonary edema and/or cardiogenic shock in a patient with an inferior STEMI should prompt consideration for acute MR due to papilary muscle rupture. Get an echo as fast as you can to confirm or r/o the diagnosis. Treatment is afterload reduction, inotropic support, and urgent surgical repair.