UMEM Educational Pearls - By Michael Witting

Category: Misc

Title: PICO for Research Question

Keywords: Research Question (PubMed Search)

Posted: 5/20/2024 by Michael Witting, MD
Click here to contact Michael Witting, MD

Starting a study? Frame your research question in the PICO format:

Patients (consider severity of presentation, setting, demographics)

Intervention (either something you propose or something in use)

Comparison (another group, the same group without intervention, or a benchmark)

Outcome (a measurement)

This classic format has been used to evaluate studies, as in Journal Club (by our esteemed Dr. Wilkerson), as a literature search tool, or by the Cochrane review. 

Starting with a PICO research question can help you narrow your focus and maintain it.

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Category: Misc

Title: Research Pearl - FINER Criteria for New Studies

Posted: 3/12/2024 by Michael Witting, MD (Emailed: 3/28/2024) (Updated: 3/28/2024)
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Considering starting a research project? Apply the FINER criteria:


                  Do you have the resources to study this? Enough patients? Support?


                  Does it interest you enough to devote your time to it? Does it interest colleagues?


                  Would it provide new findings, or confirm, refute, or extend prior findings?


                  Can you think of a way to ethically study it?


                  Consider possible outcomes of your research. Could the study advance care or policy?

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