University of Maryland School of Medicine

Department of Emergency Medicine

University of Maryland School of Medicine Department of Emergency Medicine

UMEM Educational Pearls

Category: Critical Care

Title: SAH and Pulmonary Edema

Posted: 1/24/2012 by Michael Winters, MD (Updated: 4/21/2014)
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SAH and Pulmonary Edema - Think Twice About Diuresis!

  • Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is the most common cause of secondary neurologic injury in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).
  • Intravascular volume depletion is one of several factors thought to cause, or worsen, DCI.
  • Pulmonary edema frequently occurs in patients with SAH.
  • A recent study in patients with SAH and pulmonary edema demonstrated that many were not volume overloaded.  In fact, many were intravascularly volume depleted.
  • Think twice about aggressive diuresis in patients with SAH and pulmonary edema, as this may exacerbate volume depletion and may worsen DCI.

References

Scalfani MT, Diringer MN. Year in review 2010: Critical Care - neurocritical care. Crit Care 2011;15:237.