UMEM Educational Pearls

Category: Neurology

Title: Stroke Etiologies in Young Patients

Keywords: stroke, cardioembolic events, young patients (PubMed Search)

Posted: 9/27/2007 by Aisha Liferidge, MD (Updated: 2/21/2020)
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Common causes of stroke in young patients: --> Arterial dissection (most commonly involving the carotids, often trauma related) --> Cardioembolic events (most commonly via a patent foramen ovale (PFO) associated with an atrial septal aneurysm; also atrial septal anuerysms and myxomatous mitral valve prolapse; most common amongst our patient population is likely endocarditis) --> Large vessel disease (typically in 5th decade of life) --> Small vessel disease (typically in 5th decade of life) --> Coagulopathies (i.e. Sickle cell anemia) --> Vasculopathies/Vasculitis Cerrato, et al. "Stroke in young patients: Etiopathogenesis and risk factors in different age classes." Cerebrovascular Diseases 2004;18:154-159.