Keywords: back pain, spinal cord (PubMed Search)
Cauda Equina Syndrome is a true neurologic and surgical emergency. Unfortunately, no constellation of symptoms or exam findings is 100% sensitive. In fact, no single symptoms predicts the radiographic finding of cauda equina syndrome with an accuracy greater than 65%.
The most common symptoms are sciatica (96%), micturition dysfunction (89%), saddle anesthesia or hypoethesia (81%) and defecation dysfunction (47%).
Tarulli AW. Disorders of the Cauda Equina. Continuum Lifelong Learning Neurol 2015;21(1):146 158