Category: Critical Care
Keywords: tlc, triple lumen, cordis, catheter, central line, icu, critical care (PubMed Search)
With a new academic year starting, it is important to review some details on central lines
Complications of central lines (TLC-Triple lumen catheter)
Avoiding infections: hand hygiene, chlorhexidine skin antisepsis, maximal barrier precautions, remove unnecessary lines, full gown and glove w/ mask and sterile technique.
Catheter position: 16-18cm for Right sided and 18-20 cm for Left sided. But can vary based on height, neck length, and catheter insertion site. Approximate length based on these factors.
Flow rates: Remember that putting in a central line does not necessarily improve your flow rates in resuscitation
16 G IV: 220 ml/min
Cordis/introducer sheath: 126 ml/min
18 G IV: 105 ml/min
16G distal port TLC: 69 ml/min
Ports (Can vary with type of catheter)
1. Distal exit port (16G)
2. Middle port (18G)
3. Proximal port (18G)
Arterial puncture: hold pressure for 5 mins and evaluate for hematoma formation (harder for subclavian approach)
Arterial cannulation: Has decreased due to ultrasound use but if you do cannulate an arterial site, don’t panic. Don’t remove the line. You can check a blood gas or arterial pulse waveform to confirm placement. Call vascular surgery for open removal and repair or endovascular repair. You could potentially remove a femoral arterial line and hold pressure but seek vascular advice regarding possible closure devices to use after removal.