Keywords: pediatric procedual sedation, ketamine (PubMed Search)
Next time you have to do a full septic work up on a 2 month old with a fever of 104 F consider giving Ketamine 3mg/kg IM before even starting. Then you can obtain your cath urine, IV, and LP with a calm pain free patient!!
Ketamine induces a catatonic state that provides sedation, analgesia, and amnesia. It does not affect pharyngeal-laryngeal reflexes and the patient maintains a patent airway. This makes it very useful when fasting is not assured.
Route Onset Duration Dose
IM 3-5 min 20-30min 3-5 mg/kg
IV 1 min 5-10 min 1-2 mg/kg