Keywords: Ottawa, Ankle, Knee, Foot (PubMed Search)
Most people are familiar with the Ottawa Ankle Rules, but there are also Ottawa Knee and Foot rules. The Ottawa rules help to limit the number of x-rays you may need in patients that present with ankle, foot or knee pain after an injury.
The Ottawa Ankle Rule
An ankle x-ray is only needed if there pain in the mallelolar area and any of the following:
The Ottawa Foot Rule
A foot x-ray is only needed if there is pain in the midfoot and any of the following:
The Ottawa Knee Rule
A knee x-ray is only needed for knee injury patients when they have any of the following: