Category: Critical Care
Keywords: COPD, respiratory failure, antibiotics, ICU (PubMed Search)
--The role of antibiotics in acute exacerbations of COPD remains controversial in many settings. However, a recent Cochrane review concludes that antibiotics have "large and consistent" benefit in ICU admissions :
--However, patients on antibiotics had increased side effects, are at risk for increased drug-drug interaction (think azithromycin/levofloxacin), and the effect on multi-drug resistance is unclear.
--GOLD Guidelines are a bit more liberal with their recommendations for antibiotics , recommending antibiotics based on symptoms or in patients needing mechanical support.
--TAKEAWAY -- if your patient needs BiPAP or ICU, they should also get antibiotics!
1. Vollenweider DJ, Jarrett H, Steurer-Stey CA, Garcia-Aymerich J, Puhan MA. Antibiotics for exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012 Dec 12;12:CD010257. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD010257. Review. PubMed PMID: 23235687