Category: Critical Care
Keywords: cardiac arrest, hypothermia, nonshockable rhythm (PubMed Search)
Rationale: Data regarding temperature management in patients suffered from cardiac arrest with nonshockable rhythm was inconclusive.
Objective: whether moderate hypothermia at 33C, compared with normothermia at 37C would improve neurologic outcome in patients with coma after cardiac arrest with nonshockable rhythm.
Outcome: survival with favorable 90-day neurologic outcome (Cerebral Performance Category scale 1-2/5)
SummaryThere was higher percentage of patients achieving CPC 1-2 in the hypothermia group (10.2%) vs normothermia group (5.7%, Hazard Ratio 4.5, 95% CI 0.1-8.9, p=0.04)
This randomized multicenter trial involved 581 patients with cardiac arrest and nonshockable rhythm. Hypothermia group included 284 patients vs. 297 in the normothermia group. Median GCS at enrollment = 3.
Majority of patients was cooled with the use of a basic external cooling device: 37% for hypothermia and 50.8% for normothermia group.
There was higher percentage of patients achieving CPC 1-2 in the hypothermia group (10.2%) vs normothermia group (5.7%, Hazard Ratio 4.5, 95% CI 0.1-8.9, p=0.04)
A. The study used strict enrollment criteria:
B. normothermia group had higher proportion of patients with temperature at 38C.
C. Hypothermia group underwent temperature management of 56 hours vs. 48 hours for normothermia patients.
Take home points:
In a selected group of patients with cardiac arrest and nonshockable rhythm, moderate hypothermia at 33C may improve neurologic outcome.
Lascarrou JB, Merdji H, Le Gouge A, Colin G, Grillet G, Girardie P, Coupez E, Dequin PF, Cariou A, Boulain T, Brule N, Frat JP, Asfar P, Pichon N, Landais M, Plantefeve G, Quenot JP, Chakarian JC, Sirodot M, Legriel S, Letheulle J, Thevenin D, Desachy A, Delahaye A, Botoc V, Vimeux S, Martino F, Giraudeau B, Reignier J; CRICS-TRIGGERSEP Group.
Targeted Temperature Management for Cardiac Arrest with Nonshockable Rhythm.
N Engl J Med. 2019 Oct 2. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1906661. [Epub ahead of print]