UMEM Educational Pearls

Category: Pediatrics

Title: Pediatric Accidental Non-fatal Injuries

Keywords: Inuries, Falls, Poisoning, Drowning (PubMed Search)

Posted: 4/25/2008 by Sean Fox, MD (Updated: 10/18/2019)
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Pediatric Accidental Non-Fatal Injuries

  • Every 1.5 minutes an infant 0-12 months is evaluated in an ED for nonfatal unintentional injuries
  • “Falls” are the leading cause of injuries in all age groups (0-12mos)
    • account for ~51% of ED visits in this group
    • Only 2.6% required hospitalization
  • “Drowning” was the least common cause of ED visit (0.2%), but
    • accounts for ~47% of the hospitalizations in this group
  • “Poisoning” had a bimodal distribution between 0-12 months
    • more commonly seen in 1-3 mos (likely due to parents or siblings) and
    • also in 7mos to 12 mos (likely because of the kids – age when they put things in mouth)

References

Karin A. Mack, Julie Gilchrist, Michael F. Ballesteros. Injuries Among Infants Treated in Emergency Departments in the United States, 2001—2004. Pediatrics; May 1 2008; 121 (5), 930-937.